Actividad 5

Este es el texto que vimos en clase:

LA COHESIÓN Y LA COHERENCIA

Ejercicio 1

.

Ejercicio 2. Para esta actividad únicamente realiza las primeras 6 actividades
.

Ejercicios: coherencia y cohesión

(Documento en caso de bajar el archivo)
.
Actividad 3

The following paragraph is unified and cohesive. Notice how the italicized words and phrases (called transitions) guide us along, helping us see how one detail leads to the next.

Why I Don’t Make My Bed

Ever since I moved into my own apartment last fall, I have gotten out of the habit of making my bed–except on Fridays, of course, when I change the sheets. Although some people may think that I am a slob, I have some sound reasons for breaking the bed-making habit. In the first place, I am not concerned about maintaining a tidy bedroom because no one except me ever ventures in there. If there is ever a fire inspection or a surprise date, I suppose I can dash in there to fluff up the pillow and slap on a spread.Otherwise, I am not bothered. In addition, I find nothing uncomfortable about crawling into a rumpled mass of sheets and blankets. On the contrary, I enjoy poking out a cozy space for myself before drifting off to sleep. Also, I think that a tightly made bed is downright uncomfortable: entering one makes me feel like a loaf of bread being wrapped and sealed. Finally, and most importantly, I think bed-making is an awful way to waste time in the morning. I would rather spend those precious minutes checking my email or feeding the cat than tucking in corners or snapping the spread.

Transitional words and phrases guide readers from one sentence to the next. Although they most often appear at the beginning of a sentence, they may also show up after the subject. Here are the common transitional expressions, grouped according to the type of relationship shown by each.
1. Addition Transitions

      and
      also
      besides
      first, second, third
      in addition
      in the first place, in the second place, in the third place
      furthermore
      moreover
      to begin with, next, finally

Example
In the first place, no “burning” in the sense of combustion, as in the burning of wood, occurs in a volcano; moreover, volcanoes are not necessarily mountains; furthermore, the activity takes place not always at the summit but more commonly on the sides or flanks; and finally, the “smoke” is not smoke but condensed steam.
(Fred Bullard, Volcanoes in History)

2. Cause-Effect Transitions

      accordingly
      and so
      as a result
      consequently
      for this reason
      hence
      so
      then
      therefore
      thus

Example
The ideologue is often brilliant. Consequently some of us distrust brilliance when we should distrust the ideologue.
(Clifton Fadiman)

3. Comparison Transitions

      by the same token
      in like manner
      in the same way
      in similar fashion
      likewise
      similarly

Example
When you start with a portrait and search for a pure form, a clear volume, through successive eliminations, you arrive inevitably at the egg. Likewise, starting with the egg and following the same process in reverse, one finishes with the portrait.
(Pablo Picasso)

4. Contrast Transitions

      but
      however
      in contrast
      instead
      nevertheless
      on the contrary
      on the other hand
      still
      yet

Example
Every American, to the last man, lays claim to a “sense” of humor and guards it as his most significant spiritual trait, yet rejects humor as a contaminating element wherever found. America is a nation of comics and comedians; nevertheless, humor has no stature and is accepted only after the death of the perpetrator.
(E. B. White)

5. Conclusion and Summary Transitions

      and so
      after all
      at last
      finally
      in brief
      in closing
      in conclusion
      on the whole
      to conclude
      to summarize

Example
Reporters are not paid to operate in retrospect. Because when news begins to solidify into current events and finally harden into history, it is the stories we didn’t write, the questions we didn’t ask that prove far, far more damaging than the ones we did.
(Anna Quindlen)

6. Example Transitions

      as an example
      for example
      for instance
      specifically
      thus
      to illustrate

Example
With all the ingenuity involved in hiding delicacies on the body, this process automatically excludes certain foods. For example, a turkey sandwich is welcome, but the cumbersome cantaloupe is not.
(Steve Martin, “How to Fold Soup”)

7. Insistence Transitions

      in fact
      indeed
      no
      yes

Example
The joy of giving is indeed a pleasure, especially when you get rid of something you don’t want.
(Frank Butler, Going My Way)

8. Place Transitions

      above
      alongside
      beneath
      beyond
      farther along
      in back
      in front
      nearby
      on top of
      to the left
      to the right
      under
      upon

Example
What did it matter where you lay once you were dead? In a dirty sump or in a marble toweron top of a high hill? You were dead, you were sleeping the big sleep, you were not bothered by things like that.
(Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep)

9. Restatement Transitions

      in other words
      in short
      in simpler terms
      that is
      to put it differently
      to repeat

Example
Anthropologist Geoffrey Gorer studied the few peaceful human tribes and discovered one common characteristic: sex roles were not polarized. Differences of dress and occupation were at a minimum. Society in other words, was not using sexual blackmail as a way of getting women to do cheap labor, or men to be aggressive.
(Gloria Steinem, “What It Would Be Like If Women Win”)

10. Time Transitions

      afterward
      at the same time
      currently
      earlier
      formerly
      immediately
      in the future
      in the meantime
      in the past
      later
      meanwhile
      previously
      simultaneously
      subsequently
      then
      until now

Example
At first a toy, then a mode of transportation for the rich, the automobile was designed as man’s mechanical servant. Later it became part of the pattern of living.

Estas actividades tienen como fecha límite el 9 de Marzo a las 23:59

Responder

Introduce tus datos o haz clic en un icono para iniciar sesión:

Logo de WordPress.com

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de WordPress.com. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Imagen de Twitter

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Twitter. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Foto de Facebook

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Facebook. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Google+ photo

Estás comentando usando tu cuenta de Google+. Cerrar sesión / Cambiar )

Conectando a %s